Network News
Covid-19 and the German aquaculture sector
Effects of the Covid-19 pandemic are experienced on a global scale and show impressively the interconnectedness of today’s globalized world. Restricted human mobility, interrupted commodity chains and limited access to workforce are only a few of its consequences. How does Covid-19 impact on the German aquaculture sector? A study of the agri benchmark Fish network aims to shed further light on those potential impacts.
Interviews with stakeholders were conducted to analyse potential additional costs or losses that occurred during April 2020 when restrictive measures were imposed by the German government in order to contain the Corona virus. The interviews serve as a starting point to evaluate the economic consequences of the lockdown for the German aquaculture sector. In a second step, we will define possible scenarios for selected typical farms. To picture the impacts of Covid-19 across the branches of carp, trout and also blue mussels, production sector data from the Data Collection Framework (DCF) will be added.

The sea at heart: Typical brown shrimp fishery in Germany
shrimp trawler
The brown shrimp fishery is the most valuable coastal fishery of Germany. Family-owned beam trawlers under 20m length operating in the shallow Wadden Sea account for the vast majority of catches. Erik Sulanke and Jörg Berkenhagen, members of agri benchmark Fish, discussed the economic structure of a brown shrimp beam trawler together with captains and managers. The outcome of this focus group provides a full-cost account of such a vessel according to the typical farm approach of agri benchmark Fish. Our results depict the independent and profitable character of this fishery, yet they also show its vulnerability to price fluctuations and low catches.
For further information, please visit agri benchmark Fish News and Results: News and Results

Welcome aboard Austria!
The JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH has become the newest member of the agri benchmark Fish network. Austria takes part in the European Data Collection Framework DCF. Carp and trout farms, mostly run by family entrepreneurs, form the heart of Austrian aquaculture. Together Austrian fish farmers produce around 3.300 mt annually, which are first and foremost sold directly to the consumers.

Write your thesis at the Thünen Institute
write your thesis
For students, we offer an opportunity to write an undergraduate, master‘s or PhD thesis. Students are welcome from all universities and colleges in Germany and from abroad.

More information for students on our homepage www.agribenchmark.org

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June, 2020
Dear friends of agri benchmark Fish,
cornelia kreiss (©Cornelia Kreiss	- TI) we hope you are all safe and sound in these times. The past months might have caused difficulties for the seafood sector as well as for planned field trips and data collection, but on the other hand may also open up opportunities like an increased awareness of the importance of regional production within the sector.
Certainly, we have used the travel-free time to define new datasets, to finish projects and to start new ones. We are happy to present the interesting outcomes and upcoming work within our 5th edition of the agri benchmark Fish newsletter including news about the most recent typical German carp and trout farms, the definition of a typical brown shrimp vessel as a brand new agri benchmark Fish production system, the announcement of new exiting publications and results from international projects, and welcoming our new Austrian network partner, the JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH.
Enjoy your read and the summer!
Cornelia Kreiss
On behalf of the agri benchmark Fish Team

Filling up the map of Germany: New typical farms illustrating the diversity of the sector!
What a productive spring it has been! The network of typical farms within the German aquaculture sector increased by 4!
A total of 20 German fish producers and stakeholders joined fruitful focus group discussions hosted by the agri benchmark fish team in two of the most important German carp and trout production regions.
For the first time the typical farm approach has been applied to carp production practices within the federal state of Saxony. The two new typical Saxonian carp farms DE-FCP-80 and DE-FCP-200 build now a very important expansion of the agri benchmark fish network. Until this point, the German network exclusively consisted of Bavarian carp farms which differ considerably from the existing structures and circumstances in Saxony. We are pleased to fill up our German map with these interesting farms and to include this heterogeneity within our future analyses!
golden trout
Golden trout production in Southwestern Germany (©Lina-Marie Huber - TI)
In addition, we extended the already existing network of typical trout farms in Baden-Wuerttemberg: DE-TRR-50, DE-TRR-150 and the updated DE-TRR-500 joined! The smaller farm DE-TRR-50 has a strong focus on direct marketing. In contrast, DE-TRR-500 is a top farm while DE-TRR-150 relies partially on recirculating systems to prepare for future climatic challenges.
This variety of farm sets enables analyses across different production systems and channels of distribution. The first application of the new data sets will be a Covid-19 impact study for the German aquaculture sector.

Latest Publications of the agri benchmark Fish
“CARPLAND” published in Aquaculture
Polish and German carp farmers of today face many challenges with changing consumer habits, drought, losses of fish to avian predators and diseases representing some of the most widespread threats. The results of an agri benchmark Fish study show that traditional single grow-out and sale of fresh carp is difficult to operate profitably nowadays. Within this context, region-marketing seems to be a good means to create new market opportunities. But not all types of farms benefit on the same scale.
On the basis of the agri benchmark carp farm models we explored the potential impacts and efficacy of region-marketing initiatives in Polish Barycz Valley and German Aischgrund. The results illustrate in detail how harsh the current economic situation actually is, in particular for smallholders. Fisheries Local Action Groups in both regions have reacted and promote the local economy with carp as their core identity. Our study discusses, if these region-marketing measures reach its core: the carp farmers.
Lasner T., Mytlewski A., Nourry M., Rakowski M. and Oberle M. (2020)
CARP LAND: Economics of Fish Farms and the Impact of Region-Marketing in the Aischgrund (DEU) and Barycz Valley (POL), in: Aquaculture 519.
“Being typical” published in MedFAR
Six years have passed since the agri benchmark typical farm approach has been applied in aquaculture and fisheries for the first time. A good moment to review what has happened in the meanwhile! A brand new article sums up the milestones of agri benchmark Fish project works and methodical improvements. Our technical note reviews the history as well as the status quo of the approach. Thereby we go back to where everything started: our geographic benchmark study on different trout productions systems in Turkey, Denmark and Germany.
The article was published in the young Turkish Journal MedFAR, which offers a valuable international scientific platform for aquaculture and fisheries research in the Mediterranean area.
Lasner T. (2020), “Being Typical” – The Representative Farms Method in Aquaculture and Fisheries, in: Mediterranean Fisheries and Aquaculture Research MedFAR 3(2), 92-100.

Did you know?
In this section you find short information in regular intervals on particularities of production, sector, policy or trade in agri benchmark member countries.
grafitti The profit margin determines large part of typical farm’s future profitability under climate change scenarios

During the most recent decade, fish and shellfish resources in marine and freshwater aquatic habitats have been impacted by climate change induced shifts in their distribution and/or productivity. The impacts on the global food systems, including seafood production, are thereby complex and exceed those of direct environmental impacts.
Economic, social, but also technological and legal aspects are important to be considered as additional dimensions and, besides the aquaculture production itself, impacts on the industry’s inputs (e.g. feed) should also be taken into account. Within the EU H2020 project Climate change impacts on European aquatic RESources, CERES (https://ceresproject.eu/), four contrasting yet plausible socio-political climate change future scenarios were developed (see figure below). Typical farms defined for the key European aquaculture species (Atlantic salmon, rainbow trout, seabass, seabream, carp) from a total of 8 countries were used to investigate future profitability under the climate change scenarios.
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