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07.06.2018
Category: Dairy

Size matters – Production costs on US dairy farms

milker

With about 100 million tons of milk production in 2017 the US is the second largest milk producer in the world behind the EU. To be competitive in the world marked the costs of production play an important role. The USDA publishes these costs on an annual base which leads us to have a closer look on these numbers. The USDA differs farms in six groups: <50 cows, 50 – 99 cows, 100 – 199 cows, 20[more]


17.04.2018
Category: Horticulture

The winners are: pumpkin, rocket salad and romaine lettuce

pumpkin

Looking at the figures from 2004 - to 2017 a tremendous structural change is taking place in open field vegetable production in Germany. While production area increased over the past ten years by about 12% (from 115,000 ha in 2007 to nearly 129,000 ha in 2017), in the same period the number of vegetable producing farms diminished by more than 50% from more than 13,500 to nearly 6,400 in[more]


05.03.2018
Category: Cash Crop

Not all wheat is the same – a closer look at wheat quality

wheat

For the European Union, wheat is the most important cereal. Wheat is cultivated on about 50% of cropland; in the 2016/2017 market year approximately 134 million tonnes of soft wheat and 10 million tonnes of durum wheat were harvested in the EU. Wheat accounts for two-thirds of all EU cereal exports. It´s therefore worth taking a closer look at this grain. To begin with, the distinction is made be[more]


18.08.2017
Category: Beef and Sheep

Silvopastoral Systems give proof of their benefits to livestock, environment and economics

silvopastoral system Colombia

Many traditional livestock production systems in Latin America - based on grass monoculture - tend to deplete natural resources in a process of continuous degradation. As an alternative, silvopastoral systems combine livestock production with rotational grazing using different pastures, forages, fodder shrubs and timber trees as parts of the same system. Taking in account the globally fast growi[more]


05.04.2017
Category: Pig

The boars have the edge on

piglets

The social demand for more animal welfare is increasingly the focus of agricultural policy. For example, the current practice of castration of piglets without anesthesia is forbidden by law in Germany from the first of January 2019. This raises the question of viable alternatives for farmers. On this question, the Thünen Institute for Farm Economics has investigated alternatives to piglet castrat[more]


23.02.2017
Category: Fish

Vietnamese pangasius competes with traditional wild caught saithe and cod in Germany

fish shop

In Germany pangasius from aquaculture provides already an alternative to popular wild fish including cod or saithe. The EU whitefish market is fairly complex in terms of competition and substitution between species, especially since it has undergone significant changes owing to the growing aquaculture sector in recent years. Due to the large quantities produced at low production cost, the farmed [more]


26.01.2017
Category: Organic

Legal future of European organic farming unclear

EU Bio Siegel

While the organic farming sector is growing fast worldwide, the expected revision of EU legislation concerning production, processing, labelling and monitoring of organic products could not be agreed on in December 2016. Since 2014 the EU Commission, EU Parliament and EU Agricultural Council negotiated over a draft of new legal rules presented by the EU Commission. The proposed legislation w[more]


24.10.2016
Category: Fish

Crisis changes the face of Vietnam’s Pangasius aquaculture significantly

pangasius feeding

Slumped European demand, stagnant selling prices and rising competitors lead to challenges for the Vietnam Pangasius producers in the last years. In consequence, the sector restructures from family-own small scale to vertical integrated large-scale firms; new markets and diverse certification programs like BAP aim to ensure consumer expectations regarding product quality. The recent years were no[more]


07.09.2016
Category: tomato

Tomatoes are Morocco´s agricultural export hit

tomatoes

Agriculture in Morocco has always been a strategic sector for the socio-economic development of the country. In 2013, agriculture represented 15.5% of the nominal GDP. Tomatoes constitute one of Morocco’s most important fresh exported agricultural products and a main revenue earner. At the social level, the sector creates an average of 9 million working days per year on production, packaging and[more]


02.08.2016
Category: Pig

How European pig farmers could adjust to the Russian import embargo

icon pork embarge

Just recently Russia extended the import ban of certain food products from the EU to the end of 2017. Since 2014 – the first year of the Russian embargo – the EU agri-food sector has undergone major changes regarding its main export destinations and markets. The profound transformation of the pig meat market is a result of this process. Over the years 2011 – 2013 Russia had a proportion of more t[more]


02.05.2016
Category: Fish

Iran and Turkey are the world-leading producers of trout in freshwater

raceways - Turkey

The countries with the shortest history of trout farming became the biggest producers of rainbow trout during the last decades. EU-countries with a long history of trout farming in ponds instead remain on decidedly lower production level. More than 206 species belong to the family of Salmonidae, with salmon (Salmo salar) and rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) being two of the world´s most import[more]


04.03.2016
Category: Beef and Sheep

Easy-to-apply classification of sheep production systems is now available

grazing sheep

Sheep production systems largely differ depending on the available resources (natural, animal and human). These differences create difficulties when implementing farm comparison analysis. In order to provide a comprehensive framework for the analysis, a classification of farm production systems is required. The classification of sheep production systems was undertaken in several steps and within [more]


11.02.2016
Category: Cash Crop

Does high-tech farming re-establish small agricultural machinery?

tractor tracks

GPS-aided autonomous drones, genetically modified seeds or robots assisting farmer´s work from sowing to harvesting – these images cross one´s mind thinking of new technologies in agriculture. New technologies simultaneously create opportunities to reverse developments in agricultural production no longer accepted by the public. Just imagine a couple of small machines working on the fields effect[more]


21.12.2015
Category: Organic

German consumers love organic products – but do German farmers gain profits in equal measure?

german wholefood shop

In 2014 German consumers spent about 8 billion Euro on organic products, turning Germany into the largest European market for food produced by organic farming. But domestic organic farming didn´t expand similarly. The new strategy “Organic Farming – Looking Forward” aims at a turnaround. Since 2011, the consumption of organic products grew at a rate of 5 to 9 percent per annum, in comparison[more]


30.10.2015
Category: Cash Crop

Double cropping in Brazil – A boost for crop production

chart double cropping

There has been a strong increase in Brazilian grain production during the last 30 years – e.g. corn production went up from 3.4 million ha to 8.7 million ha (+ 250 percent). Double cropping, which means planting two crops in a field in the same year, summer soybean (rainy season) with a winter crop of corn has become well established across Brazil's grain belt over the last ten years and is theref[more]


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